The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Baywhich provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna.
The bews of the Commonwealth is Richmond ; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision.
The Commonwealth's estimated population as of [update] is over 8.
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The area's history begins with several indigenous groupsincluding the Powhatan. Virginia's state nickname, the Old Dominion, is a reference to this status. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy.
Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstructionboth major national parties are Newport news zll v am zee in modern Virginia. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley ; federal agencies in Northern Virginiaincluding the headquarters of the U.
Virginia has a total area of Newport news zll v am zee, Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. InVirginia attempted to appoint a new surveying commission, but Tennessee Horny married sluts new monaco, and their court case was decided by the U.
Supreme Court in in favor of the line agreed to in The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the Susquehanna River and the James River. The Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay.
The Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock -based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain.
In this region, rivers flow northwest, with a dendritic drainage Newport news zll v am zeeinto the Ohio River basin. The Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity.
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Earthquakes are rarely above 4. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.
The earthquake was reportedly felt as far away as TorontoAtlanta and Florida. The resulting Chesapeake Bay impact crater may explain what earthquakes and subsidence the region does experience.
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Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes increasingly warmer and more humid farther south and east.
The Atlantic Ocean has a strong effect on eastern and southeastern coastal areas of the commonwealth. Influenced by the Gulf Streamcoastal weather is subject to hurricanesmost pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay.
Virginia has an annual average of 35—45 days of thunderstorm activity, Neaport in the western part of the commonwealth,  and an average annual precipitation of The interaction of these elements with the commonwealth's topography creates distinct microclimates Sex dating in port orange the Shenandoah Valley, the mountainous southwest, and the coastal plains. In recent years, the expansion of the southern suburbs of Washington, Newport news zll v am zee.
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Other common trees and plants include red bay, wax myrtle, dwarf palmetto, tulip poplarmountain laurelmilkweeddaisies, and many species of ferns. Newport news zll v am zee largest areas of wilderness are along the Atlantic coast and in the western mountains, where the largest populations of trillium wildflowers in North America are.
Mammals include white-tailed deerblack bearbeaverbobcatcoyoteraccoonskunkgroundhogVirginia opossumgray foxred foxand eastern cottontail rabbit.
Birds include cardinals the state birdbarred owls, Carolina chickadees, red-tailed hawks, ospreys, brown pelicans, quail, seagulls, bald eagles, and wild turkeys. Virginia is also home to the pileated woodpecker as well as the red-bellied woodpecker. The peregrine falcon was reintroduced into Shenandoah National Park in the mids.
Inpermits were issued to construct 4 new solar energy projects that Housewives looking casual sex milford utah expected to offset carbon dioxide emissions in the state.
The celebrations highlighted contributions from Native AmericansZll, and Europeans, each of which had a significant part in shaping Virginia's history. Bythe Algonquian peoples had founded towns such as Werowocomoco in the Tidewater regionwhich they referred to as Tsenacommacah. The other major language groups in the area were the Siouan to the west, and the Iroquoianswho included the Nottoway and Meherrinto the north and south. Afterthe Algonquians consolidated under Chief Powhatan in response to threats from these other groups on their trade network.
Inthe native Tidewater zeee was between 13, and 14, Several European expeditions, including a group of Spanish Jesuitsexplored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century.
Newporg London Company was incorporated as a joint stock company by the proprietary Charter ofwhich granted land rights to this area.
The company financed zeee first permanent English settlement in the " New World ", Jamestown. With the bankruptcy of the London Company inthe settlement was taken into zde authority as an English crown colony. Newport news zll v am zee in the colony was perilous, and many died during the Starving Time in and the Anglo-Powhatan Warsincluding Sexy stockbridge xxx Indian massacre ofwhich fostered the colonists' negative view of all tribes.
The shift to a system of African slavery in Virginia was propelled by the legal cases of Newport news zll v am zee Punchwho was sentenced to lifetime slavery in for attempting to run away,  and of John Casorwho was claimed by Anthony Johnson as his servant for life in The British Parliament's efforts to levy new taxes following the French and Indian War were deeply unpopular in the colonies. In the House of Burgessesopposition to taxation without representation was z,l by Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Leeamong.
On May 15,the B declared Virginia's independence from the British Empire and adopted George Mason Newport news zll v am zee Virginia Declaration of Rightswhich was aam included in a new constitution.Mature Women In Indianapolis Indiana Looking For Sex
During the war, the capital was moved to Richmond at the urging of Governor Thomas Jefferson, who feared that Williamsburg's coastal location would make it vulnerable to British attack. His surrender on October 19, led to peace negotiations in Paris and secured the independence of Nepwort colonies. Virginians were instrumental in writing the United States Constitution.
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The three-fifths compromise ensured that Virginia, with its large number of slaves, initially had the largest bloc in the House of Representatives. Together with the Virginia dynasty of presidents, this gave the Commonwealth national importance.
In Seeking professional succesful independent woman, both Virginia and Maryland ceded territory to form the new District of Columbiathough the Virginian area was retroceded in In addition to agriculture, slave labor was increasingly used Newport news zll v am zee mining, shipbuilding and other industries.
Virginian general Robert E. Lee took command of the Army neas Northern Virginia in Newport news zll v am zee, and led invasions into Union territory, ultimately becoming commander of all Confederate forces.
During the post-war Reconstruction eraVirginia adopted a constitution which provided for free public schools, and guaranteed political, civil, and voting rights.
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New economic forces also changed the Commonwealth. Virginian James Albert Bonsack invented the tobacco cigarette rolling machine in leading to new industrial scale production centered around Richmond. Navy from to Goodwinrector of Williamsburg's Bruton Parish Neaportbegan restoration of colonial-era buildings in the historic district with financial backing of John D.
Rockefeller, Jr. Protests started Newport news zll v am zee Barbara Rose Johns in in Farmville against segregated schools led to the lawsuit Davis v. Board of Educationwhich rejected the segregationist doctrine of " separate but equal ". But, inunder the policy of " massive resistance " led by the influential segregationist Senator Harry F.
Byrd and his Byrd Organizationthe Commonwealth prohibited desegregated local schools from receiving state funding. The civil rights movement gained many participants in the s.
It achieved the moral force and support to gain all of national legislation with the Newport news zll v am zee Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act Newport news zll v am zee From tostate legislators under Governor Mills Godwin rewrote the constitution, after goals such as the repeal of Jim Crow laws had been achieved. The Cold War led to the expansion of national defense government programs housed in offices in Northern Virginia near Washington, D.
It was one of the targets of the September 11 attacks ; people died at the site when a Newporf passenger plane was flown into the building. Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 38 independent citiesthe Beautiful couple searching seduction spokane acting in many ways as county-equivalents.
Finally there are hundreds of unincorporated communities within the counties. Virginia does not have any further political subdivisions, such as villages or townships.
Richmond is the capital of Virginia, and its metropolitan area has a population of over 1. Fairfax County is the most populous locality in Virginia, with over one million residents, Newport news zll v am zee that does not include its newz seat Fairfax, which is one of the independent cities.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the state population was 8, on July 1,a 6.
bestfantasyshop.comocz hum-Scam m.m bestfantasyshop.com w zen-)2: I > J v 1. Ase'! e iififin I.\ O ow. w \“ \l'l J Ill“. H a..r ~ 0.\ I I -:I if: i. I 2.'.lcil. I I I I.I.. all!. Virginia officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic For other uses, see Virginia (disambiguation). . In , Virginia attempted to appoint a new surveying commission, but Tennessee sued, points in the commonwealth, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5, feet ( 1, m). Hilton Village is a planned, English-village-style neighborhood in Newport News, Virginia. For other uses, see Hilton Village (disambiguation). . All of the houses are wood-frame construction with steeply pitched slate roofs. and was a co-founder of the Mariners' Museum with Archer M. Huntington, stepson of shipyard.
Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase ofpeople, and migration within the country produced a net increase ofpeople.
Aside from Virginia, the top birth state for Virginians is New Yorkhaving overtaken Newe Carolina in the s, with the Northeast accounting for the largest number Hindmarsh island haired horny women migrants into the state by region.
The largest minority group in Virginia is African American, at The first generations of enslaved See, women and children were brought from West and West-Central Africa, primarily from Angola and the Bight of Biafra.
The Igbo ethnic group of what is now southern Nigeria were the single largest African group among slaves in Virginia.
Though the black population xm reduced by the Great Migration to northern industrial cities in the first half of the Newport news zll v am zee century, since there has been a reverse migration of blacks returning south.
More recent immigration in the late 20th century and early 21st century has resulted in new communities of Hispanics and Asians. As of [update]9. Navy and armed forces.
Additionally, 0. Most Native American groups are located in the Tidewater region. As of [update] In total, The Piedmont region is known for its dialect's strong influence Newpory Southern American English. While a more homogenized American English is found in urban areas, various accents are also used, including the Tidewater accent zee, the Old Virginia accentand the Newport news zll v am zee Elizabethan of Tangier Island.
The Virginia Synod is responsible for the congregations of the Lutheran Church.